Rabindranath of Bangladesh:
Rabindranath is the beacon of Bengali consciousness. Rabindranath is still a unique refuge in the crisis of the Bengalis. Rabindranath is involved with the nature of Bengal as the essence of consciousness. Rabindranath’s melody and rhythm are mixed in the river-cosmos, birds-palla of this country as an accompaniment of roots. Rabindranath Padma, Gorai, Ichhamati, Nagar,
Atrai, Karatoya, Chalanbil have turned into his zamindari. Rabindranath referred to the Nagar river of Patisar as a rural river in a letter to his niece Indira.
Rabindranath came to Bangladesh as a boy. He came as a zamindar. He has become a leader of politics and a poet again. He came as a Nobel laureate or as a ruler of the world with his family.
Rabindranath first came to Bangladesh in his childhood with his mother Sarada Sundari Devi at Mamabari and later at the age of fourteen he came to Shilaidaha with his father Maharshi Debendranath Tagore in the month of Agrahayan in 1262 BS. Again in the month of Fagun of the same year, i.e. in the month of February 18, Rabindranath came to visit his great-grandfather Jyotirindranath Tagore at Shilaidaha. Maharshi Debendranath Tagore owned three parganas in East Bengal in the zamindari inherited from his father. Birahimpur in the then Nadia district is a pargana which is now Kushtia district. Kachari of this zamindari is in Shilaidaha village of Kumarkhali upazila. The number of Muslim tenants in Shilaidaha at that time was fifty-four per cent.
Shahjadpur is a pargana of the then Pabna district which now belongs to Sirajganj district and its kashari was Shahjadpur.
The third pargana belonged to the then Rajshahi which is now in Naogaon district and its kashari was in Patisar village of Atrai upazila. The number of Muslim tenants in Patisar was sixty percent. Rabindranath’s father once assigned Rabindranath’s brother-in-law Saradacharan to look after the zamindari in East Bengal. But Saradacharan died on the day of Rabindranath’s marriage. Later, not finding a suitable successor, Debendranath Tagore sent his youngest son to the zamindari of East Bengal. Although Rabindranath had a mild objection to his father about himself, in 189 he came to East Bengal to look after the zamindari.
Rabindranath in Shilaidaha:
Shilaidaha is a village in Kumarkhali upazila of present Kushtia district. The former name of this village is Kasba. Prince Dwarkanath Tagore, Rabindranath’s great-grandfather, got the zamindari of the region in 1808. Rabindranath became a zamindar here in 189 and managed the zamindari till 1901. While sitting here, he composed the poems of Sonar Tari Kavyagrantha. The poet lived here with his family for some time in 1896. After Rathi’s test and Renuka’s marriage had to be given, he sent the family back to Kolkata. He also started translating Gitanjali poetry in 1912 at Shilaidaha. At that time he could not go to Britain due to illness and stayed in Shilaidaha for some time. After receiving the Nobel Prize, the poet received a reception in Shilaidaha in 1922.
Rabindranath in Shahjadpur:
Rabindranath came to see the first zamindari in Shahjadpur in 1890. Rabindranath stayed in Shahjadpur for a total of 6 years from 1890 to 1896 on zamindari business.
The ‘Ratan’ character in the ‘Postmaster’ story is also written while sitting in Shahjadpur. He composed 26 poems in Chitra, Winter and Spring, Nagar Sangeet and Chaitali, 36 in Chhinna Patrabali, parts of Panchabhuta and plays of immersion while sitting in Shahjadpur.
Rabindranath in Patisar :
In 1891 Rabindranath came to Patisar to look after the zamindari. During his stay in this kashari, Rabindranath Tagore wrote a number of poems, stories and essays. Around this place there are several installations set up by the family of Rabindranath Tagore. Notable among these are the Kaligram Rathindranath Institution, a school, a charitable hospital and an old agricultural bank which was established in 1905. Rabindranath also developed pottery here.
After receiving the Nobel Prize, Rabindranath Tagore received a reception once in 1914 and last visited Patisar in 1936 and after receiving a second public reception, he regretted not being able to do anything for them.
Rabindranath and Kaligram:
Kaligram Pargana had an area of 230 square miles and was situated on the banks of the river Nagar. Rabindranath established a ‘Hitaishi Sangha’ at Kaligram with the aim of benefiting the people of Kaligram. To spread education, he established three middle English schools here at Ratwal, Patisar and Kamata. Sitting in Kaligram, the poet wrote the poem ‘Palm tree standing on one foot / Leaving all the trees’. The tree broke and died in the 1971 storm. The soil was later piled up in his memory. Lately a baby palm tree has been planted.
Rabindranath in Barisal:
Poet Rabindranath Tagore presided over the provincial conference of the Congress in Barisal on 15 April 1906.
In Barisal, the poet paid extreme compensation by marrying his daughter Meera Devi and setting up a sugarcane mill. Rabindranath had much more kinship with Barisal. Rabindranath married his 14-year-old youngest daughter Meera Devi to Nagendranath Ganguly, son of Shri Bamun Das Ganguly, a leader of the Brahmin community on Hospital Road in the city. The marriage was consummated in June 1908. Rabindranath visited his son-in-law’s house and spent a week there. He then took the initiative to open a literary council in consultation with the local geniuses of Barisal.
Rabindranath Tagore has written a novel called ‘Bau-Thakuranirhat’ about Bibhavati, the wife of Raja Ramchandra Roy of Chandradwip (Barisal).
Rabindranath in Chittagong:
He arrived in Chittagong on a two-day visit on Monday 17 June 1908. It was raining heavily that morning. He was accompanied by his nephew Surendranath Tagore and friend Kedarnath Dasgupta.
The purpose of Rabindranath’s visit to Chittagong was to encourage the poets and writers of Chittagong to open a branch of the Bengal Literary Council and to protect the invitation of Suhrid Jaminikanta Sen.
On Tuesday morning, June 17, 1908, the poet went out to see the city with some people and went to the wharf on the banks of the river Karnafuli and talked to some of the ship’s sailors.
On the afternoon of 16 June 1908, a reception was held for Rabindranath at the then Kamalbabu Theater Hall in the Sadarghat area of the city, which later became the Lion Cinema Hall.
On the night of 17 June, Rabindranath Tagore left Chittagong by train with his traveling companions.
Rajni Ranjan Sen, a law professor and writer at the then Chittagong College, had a private chat at the residence of ‘The Parade’ in Percival Hill. During this meeting it was decided to set up a literary council in Chittagong with the support of local poets and writers.
Among the poets, writers, literary and eminent citizens of Chittagong, Abdul Karim Sahitya Bisharad, Naveen Chandra Sen, Purna Chandra Chowdhury, Maulana Moniruzzaman Islamabadi, Jatra Mohan Sen, Ramchandra Barua, Harishchandra Dutt, Abdur Rahman Dobhas, Mahimchandra Guha, Kazem Ali and Braj were present at the meeting. Prominent personalities of Chittagong like Mohan Sen were present.
Rabindranath Tagore in Sylhet:
On 4 November 1919, Rabindranath arrived in Sylhet and spent the night at Kulaura station. He stayed in Sylhet till November 8.
Rabindranath observed Manipuri dance-dance for the first time at Manipuri Palli Machimpur in Sylhet. He was so fascinated by dance that he later started a Manipuri dance course at Santiniketan. From then on, Chitrangada, Chandalika, Maya Khela, Natir Puja, Shapmochan dance dramas featured Manipuri dance. It was Rabindranath who brought Manipuri dance out of the realm of mandapa and into the world.
At the reception at the town hall, the poet gave a one-and-a-half-hour talk on ‘Bengali Pursuit’. Later, Rabindranath himself published a translation in English called ‘Towards the future’ in Modern Review. His speech to the students of MC College was later included in the textbook titled ‘Akanksha’. Inspired by the statement, a 14-year-old Sylhet teenager wrote a letter to Rabindranath asking him, “What do you need to do to raise your aspirations?” Rabindranath also replied. Then a new history of Guru-disciple communication was created. That inquisitive teenager was Syed Mujtaba Ali who was the first ‘foreign’ student at the college level in Shanti Niketan.
Rabindranath came to Sylhet at the invitation of three organizations, Brahmo Samaj, Sylhet Mahila Samiti and Anjumane Islami.
Rabindranath in Comilla:
Rabindranath Tagore came to Comilla on 19 February 1926. On the completion of three years of Abhay Ashram. At that time Mahatma Gandhi also came. Rabindranath accepted the invitation to preside over the tri-annual meeting of the Abhay Ashram and brought with him many people from Shanti Niketan, including the poet’s son and daughter-in-law. He reached Goaland by train from Kolkata, Chandpur by steamer and then Comilla by train at night. The poet was a bit ill at the time, so he had already said that no reception should be arranged.
The poet was in Comilla from the night of 19 February to the evening of 22 February. On 20 February, the staff of Abhay Ashram presented a certificate to the poet.
Rabindranath in Dhaka :
Rabindranath came to Dhaka twice.
For the first time he stayed in Dhaka from 30 May 1897 to 1 June to attend the conference of the Bengal Provincial Council. During this time he spoke at the Crown Theater in Dhaka.
For the second time, the poet gave a speech on 8 February 1926 at Coronation Park in Dhaka. At this time he came to Bangladesh at the invitation of Dhaka University. He reached Narayanganj by steamer from Kolkata via Goaland via Chandpur. Dhaka University authorities brought him to Dhaka in a motor procession from Narayanganj. Then he boarded the Nawab’s ‘Turag’ boat and enjoyed the Promod Bihar.
He performed at Dhaka Coronation Park on 6 February.
On February 8, he took part in a tea party at Ahsan Manzil in Dhaka.
On 9 February he received a reception at the Bishwa Bharati Sammilani, Dhaka.
On the evening of 9 February, he spoke on the premises of Dhaka Intermediate College on ‘Eastern and Western Culture and Civilization’.
On the morning of 10 February, the East Bengal Brahmo Samaj spoke at Patuatuli, Dhaka. In the evening Curzon Hall gave a lecture on ‘Meaning of Art’.
In the afternoon, the Muslim Hall received a reception from the student union.
On 11th and 12th February the poet did not go anywhere as he felt ill.
On February 13, The Rule of the Giant spoke at Curzon Hall.
On 14 February, he took part in a reception and recitation at the residence of the Principal of Dhaka Intermediate College.
On 15 February Jagannath Hall wrote the song for the anniversary ‘Basantika’. Remember this, I sang in your laughter.
On the afternoon of the 15th he left Dhaka by train for Mymensingh.
Rabindranath at Baldha Garden :
At noon on 10 February 1926, Rabindranath visited the ‘Baldha’ Garden established by Narendra Narayan Roy Chowdhury, the zamindar of Baldhar in Gazipur, Wari, Dhaka. He stayed here for one night at ‘Joy House’. In the Bulldha Garden, he was amazed to see camellia flowers and as a result, on his return from Dhaka, he composed the famous poem ‘Camellia’ on 27 Shravan 1339 BS, which is included in the book of poems ‘Punashcha’. Later, a film was made by Sajal Samaddar with this poem.
Seeing the Bulldha Garden, Rabindranath said, “I have seen many kinds of flower gardens in the houses of many kings and emperors of the world, but I have never seen a garden like the Bulldha Garden.”
He saw a thorny flower and immediately wrote,
‘I have guilt in the thorns
There is no crime
Kanta ogo mor tha darling
Take the flowers and pick them up. ‘
Rabindranath in Mymensingh:
The poet reached Mymensingh on 15 February 1926 from Dhaka by train. He received the hospitality of Zamindar Jagat Kishore Chowdhury at the famous Alexandra Palace.
On the afternoon of 15 February, the poet was given a grand reception by the Mymensingh Municipality.
The poet attended the Mymensingh Brahmo Samaj function on 18 February at 8 am.
On 18 February the poet visited Muktagachha Zamindarbari. Muktagachha Sahitya Sangsad Thirteenth Conference gave him an official reception. On the same day in the afternoon a huge civic reception was held at the premises of Mymensingh Town Hall. The local people and literary conference congratulated the poet.
On 16 February the poet left Mymensingh for the eighteenth house of Ishwarganj.
Rabindranath in Chandpur :
In Chandpur, Rabindranath seemed to have a pulse. Rabindranath came to Bajapti village, six kilometers away from Chandpur city, on 26 February 1926 at the house of Kalimohan Ghosh, a close associate of his and a supporter of the rural development program. Rabindranath Shantidev Ghosh named Shantimoy Ghosh, the eldest son of Kalimohan Ghosh. Shantidev Ghosh was the principal of Visva-Bharati at Shanti Niketan. Sagarmoy Ghosh, the youngest son of Kalimohan Ghosh, was a direct student of Rabindranath. Rabindranath was given a reception at the then Municipal Park in the present New Market area of Chandpur. Rabindranath left Chandpur for Narayanganj on the 26th.
Lalon and Rabindranath :
Rabindranath was a great fan of Lalon’s theory and song. When Rabindranath came to Shilaidaha in Kushtia in 179, he met Lalon Sanji at some point. He published 20 songs of Lalon Fakir in the Haramani section of Prabasi Patrika. In his lecture at Oxford University, he listened to the English translation of Lalon’s song “The Unknown Bird in a Cage” to a foreign audience. Rabindranath was greatly influenced by Lalon’s songs. In one of his writings, Rabindranath Tagore said, “A Baul devotee by the name of Lalon Fakir wanted to say something by combining Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist and Jain religions.” All of us should pay attention to that. Rabindranath also quoted this song in his English speech at the 1925 Indian Philosophical Congress. Rabindranath himself collected 279 songs of Lalon on his own initiative. It was Rabindranath who spread the nurture of Bengalis and turned it into the nurture of the world.
Rabindranath in the south of Khulna :
Rabindranath came to Dakshindihi village in Khulna district in 182 at the age of 22 with his Mejbaudi and Sage Baudi. Kabir’s uncle’s house and father-in-law’s house are both in Dakshindihi village of Fultala police station in Khulna district. Rabindranath’s mother Sarada Sundari Devi and aunt Tripura Sundari Devi are daughters of this village. So is Mrinalini Devi, Rabindranath’s wife. During the puja holiday in 182, Satyendranath’s wife Jnandanandini Devi became enthusiastic and came to accept a daughter of a nearby Pirali family as a bride on the pretext of visiting Bastavita. Kadambari Devi, girl Indira, boy Surendra Nath and Rabindranath came with Jnandanandini to see the old Vita. At that time they chose Bhavatarini, the daughter of Benimadhab Roy Chowdhury of Fultala village, whose name is Mrinalini after marriage. In his childhood, the poet came to his uncle’s house in Dakshindihi village with his mother several times. Busts of the poet and his wife have been placed here.
Pithabhog is a village in the Bhairab river basin in Khulna district in Bangladesh. This is the ancestral home of Rabindranath. Once when he came to testify in Khulna, he expressed interest in going to Pithabhog village. However, it is not known whether he was able to go to Pithabhog village at all.
Rabindranath’s stepmother Bangladesh:
Rabindranath was born in Jora Sanko but the river cosmos of Bangladesh has completed the main work of building his mind. The lush nature of Bangladesh has given Rabindranath the depth of feeling and the ability to think spiritually. If Zamindar Rabindranath had not been in Bangladesh, the agricultural Rabindranath would not have been born. The contribution of simple people of Bangladesh is more in the construction of human zamindar Rabindranath. Even the buds of Rabindranath’s Nobel were born in Bangladesh. Therefore, in the true sense, Bangladesh is like the breastfeeding mother of Rabindranath, or in other words, Bangladesh is the mother of Rabindranath, Yashodhara, in whose bosom ten years of continuous wandering has made a human child a bottle of consciousness. Rabindranath is therefore always relevant in the national consciousness of Bangladesh.