Sen Empire and Ballal Mound ?

Sujan Modak
            University of Burdwan

SR12

R.C. A small effort inspired by Sir and in collaboration with the Nabadwip Archaeological Department and regional figures.

Another important empire in the history of Bengal after the Pala dynasty was the Sena dynasty. The Sena dynasty kings were able to maintain their Hindutva domination in Bengal for about 130 years.

Vijay Sen took the opportunity of rebellion to expand his dominance Sama was finally taking advantage of the weakness of their own independent administrative entity Madan Pal ghaghatanapracina Sena dynasty in the history of the kings of dynasty one tataparyapurna aspect Sen was the first time the whole of Bengal gained influence over their wayward eksethe Needless to say that the overall success of the Sena dynasty during the reign of vallalasena perechila reach the final stage.

Most of the historians have identified the Karnataka region of present day Mysore, Karnataka and the Kannada speaking region of Andhra Pradesh as the original residence of the Sen kings.

The Sena Empire was formed in Bengal Ballal Sen said that copper Naihati ulechilenaabara samantasenera prenatal Sena dynasty in Bengal karatenaparabaratikale an ancestor from the samantasena Sena Empire was founded.

There is disagreement as to whether the Sen dynasty kings were Brahmins or Kshatriyas, but Samantasen claimed to be a Kshatriya. In this case, according to the applicable regional legend, the Sena kings were Brahmins.

They argue that the name of the village where the ruins of the Sen Empire are located in Navadwip is Baman Pukur / Bamunpukur, meaning the area of ​​the Brahmins that is historically connected to the empire. But above all, the view that is more acceptable to historians is that they were first Brahmins and later Kshatriyas.

The entire structure of the Sen Empire is located within a nine-meter high wall covering a 13,000 sq ft area of ​​Bamunpukur village under Mayapur-Bamunpukur Gram Panchayat-1 in Nadia district. According to legend, this ruin is known as Ballal Sen’s mound However, some others said it Vijayasena mound fort bamunapukura say it.

How much curiosity there is in the regional public about this ruin can be understood from their dissenting statements. However, the importance of this mound in the history of Bengal and India is more than curiosity. As a proof of this, excavations have been carried out twice under the supervision of Archaeological Survey of India.

Bimal Bandopadhyay, A.Jha, G.N. Srivastava, Tapanjyoti Chakraborty, SK Ghosh, SK Kundu, K. Srimani, PC Das under the supervision of NC Ghosh from 1982-83 AD and 1988-89 AD.

Excavations were carried out there. The excavations are aimed at confirming the existence of this historical site with the Sen dynasty of Bengal historically.

As a result of these two stages of excavation, terracotta statues of people and animals, feathers, innumerable copper utensils, nails and various items made of iron have been found here.

Also found was a round burnt brick line with a diameter of seventy cm at the top and 50 cm at the bottom. It is believed that it was set on fire for some religious purpose.

Crocodile-shaped boulders and other such artifacts have been recovered, one of which is still in the mound and the rest is now housed in the Calcutta University Museum. Also known according to local legend is a lamp seven feet long, a huge wheel made of basalt weighing about three hundred kilograms, and a strange stone carved with a map of the temple.

The specimen is now preserved under the Archaeological Survey of India. The ruins are made entirely of terracotta bricks and are surrounded by a wall.

This whole pattern was mainly made of two types of bricks. The first type of brick was ten inches long and five inches wide and the second type of brick was twelve inches long and four inches wide.

Bricks of other sizes can also be noticed. Currently, however, this pattern has been enhanced by bricks of several sizes to enhance the beautification. The road through the main pattern is about 5 feet wide. It is believed that this was the entrance to the inner palace.

The stairs in this pattern are like planes that will take you to the highest point of the mound. It has some small structures on the left but huge structures on the right.

Above are crocodile-shaped boulders through which water is thought to have flowed out. However, the relatively small structure adjacent to the main structure, which during the past floods caused the soil to move away, reveals extensive brick debris at the bottom.

There is also a canal next to this mound, which was believed to be the place where members of the dynasty used to bathe, but it has no historical basis.

According to some historians, this structure is some of the ruins of Vijayanagar Palace. It was the capital of the state of Vijayanagar in the early twelfth century, meaning the capital of Vijayasena. Some say it was installed by Ballal himself.

Some say it was once a Buddhist monastery but was later converted into a Hindu temple. According to Shanti Ranjan Dev, a famous historian and archaeologist, “It was the largest, oldest Shiva temple of all time in Bengal.

The Archaeological Survey of India reports that it was built during the reign of Ballalsen in the 12th century.

There is and there is a Homkunda clear for the fire during worship. And a Hindu temple that is five to ten edge style architecture built panaratha hyechila.

Moreover, behold, the whole of India, created most of the temples were built in the style of pancharatha plan. So let’s all say it was a Hindu temple.

 
Historians have not been able to come to a definite conclusion as to how this monument was destroyed.

It is said to have been destroyed by natural disasters, such as floods or earthquakes. Historians have also partially acknowledged this natural disaster as a catastrophe.

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